|Methods||Form of research question||Requires control of behavioral events?||Focus on contemporary events?|
|Survey||who, what, where, how many, how much?||no||yes|
|Archival analysis||who, what, where, how many, how much?||no||yes/no|
|Case study||how, why?||no||yes|
|Sample questions||General form|
Do children read better as a result of this program?
Do children read better in this program as compared with other program?
Does X cause Y?
Does X cause more of Y than Z cause of Y?
|Noncausal-research What is the daily experience of the children participating in this program? |
Are the remedial centers located in the areas of primary need?
What is X?
Is X located where Y is lowest?
|Noncausal-policy What do we mean by “special education children” and “remediation”? |
Is this program receiving support from state and local officials for political rather than educational reasons?
What does “Y” mean?
Why does S support X?
|Noncausal-evaluation What are the characteristics of the best CAI materials being used? |
How do the various minority groups view this program and judge its quality?
What makes W good?
Does T value X?
|Noncausal-management What is the cost-effectiveness of the program compared with other programs? |
How can we maximize the scheduling of classes at the centers with minimum expense?
Is X more cost-effective than Z?
How are U maximized and V minimized simultaneously?